o Surgery to fix the broken blood vessels
o Blocking off bleeding vessels by inserting a coil
o Drugs that prevent or reverse brain swelling
o Inserting a tube into a hollow part of the brain to lower pressure
IV. WHAT ABOUT REHABILITATION?
After a stroke, a person may have some disability. The disability depends on the size and location of the stroke. The right side of the brain controls the left side of the body; in right-handed individuals it is important for attention and visual-spatial skills. The left side of the brain controls the right side of the body; in right-handed individuals (and 50 percent of left-handed people) it controls language – speaking and understanding. Language disorders are also called “aphasias.”
Rehabilitation helps regain functions lost from damage due to stroke. During rehabilitation, most people will get better. However, many do not recover completely. Unlike skin cells, nerve cells that die do not recover and are not replaced by new cells. However, the human brain is adaptable. People can learn new ways of functioning, using undamaged brain cells.
This rehabilitation period is often a challenge. The patient and family work with a team of physical, occupational, and speech therapists, along with nurses and doctors. Most of the improvement will take place in the first three to six months of the process. But some people can make excellent progress over longer periods.
- Haygoush Kalinian, PhD, Neuropsychologist , Tel: (949) 481-8414
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