6. What to Expect During the Colonoscopy Exam
The actual colonoscopy procedure usually takes less than twenty minutes. You’ll be given intravenous fluids and medicine to help you relax. Most patients fall asleep and remember nothing about the exam itself. After the colonoscopy, you’ll rest for an hour until the medication wears off. You will not be fully alert and are cautioned not to drive for the rest of the day. There is usually no discomfort, but any cramps can be eased by passing gas or walking. The test results will be available a few days after the procedure. Contact your healthcare provider if you experience persistent pain, pass blood or run a fever.
7. Prevent Colon Cancer by Lowering Your Risk Factors
Reducing your risk factors can also prevent colon cancer. Your risk of colon cancer increases with these factors:
• You are older than 50.
• You have already had colon cancer or colorectal polyps.
• You have an Inflammatory intestinal conditions, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
• You have certain inherited genetic disorders, or a family history of colon cancer and colon polyps.
• You smoke, drink alcohol to excess or have an unhealthy lifestyle.
• Your lifestyle is sedentary.
• You are obese or have diabetes.
• Your diet may be a factor if it is low in fiber and high in fat and calories. The diet in Western countries is a risk factor.
• You drink alcohol to excess.
• You have a growth hormone disorder.
• You have had abdominal radiation therapy for cancer.